Foreign and domestic expertise in evaluating student’s success in universities and universities

Foreign and domestic expertise in evaluating student’s success in universities and universities

The evaluation system in various countries has its peculiarities that are own. For instance, in United states advanced schooling institutions assessment of pupils is carried down in credits. Each credit needs a one-hour (50 min.) lecture, a presentation at a seminar or involvement in a(3-hour that is laboratory-practical class room. In addition, pupils must spend a couple of hours on non-attendance training. Throughout the semester course (3 hours each week), 3 credits are credited for just two hours seminary classes, 3 credits for 2-3 hours laboratory lessons and something credit per semester.

Students take exams through the core procedures in the middle and also at the end associated with the semester. Evaluate understanding of the letter system: A (“excellent”), B (“good”), C (“satisfactory”), B (“satisfactory with a minus”), E (“unsatisfactory”). In the event of “satisfactory having a minus” the pupil is obliged to hear the program again also to pass the exam. The criterion of success can be an semester score that is average. Pupils regarded as being a learning student who received 2 points and greater. The surname associated with the student whom scored 3.5 points is entered in the honorary range of the dean’s workplace. A student who scored from 1.7 to 1.99 points gets a warning in regards to the want to enhance performance, then gets a serious warning if he recovers this same score or from 1.1 to 1.7. In cases where a student gets 1.1 points for the semester or has warnings that are serious can not score a score of 2, or when after caution gaining significantly less than 1.7 points, he could be taken removed from the institution.

European connection with evaluating student’s success

In Germany, students’ understanding of advanced schooling institutions is evaluated for a 5-point system:

  • “very good” (1),
  • “good” (2),
  • “satisfactory” (3),
  • “enough” (4),
  • “not enough” (5).

Success can also be defined in credits. One credit hour per semester ensures that the student must work within one week of 1 hour with this control. For a 4-year term, the student must make 150-160 credits.

Italian universities have an interest in system of course exams, which are accepted by commissions composed of three teachers, every one of that may place no more than 10 points. The protection of written theses or a draft in the front of the payment of 11 teachers is really a exam that is final. The total score can reach 110 points.

The integration for the degree system into the European educational area, the development of a credit-module system in higher education organizations, an unique place within the system of assessment associated with degree of professional training associated with graduate, obliges each teacher to study the feeling of international and domestic advanced schooling, creatively utilize it inside the practical activity.

Rating system of pupil’s success evaluation

The rating system of evaluation of knowledge mainly activates the student’s independent work, causes it to be rhythmic and systematic throughout the semester; better educated and cognitive activity is motivated, the role of advertising autonomy, initiative, obligation, imagination in academic and cognitive activity increases; the objectivity regarding the assessment is increased, almost completely unrelated into the successful or unsuccessful response to the score or exam; the mental stress through the test decreases notably. In addition, it allows the teacher to individualize learning and an approach that is differentiated students, plays a role in the rational construction regarding the pupil through the semester, particularly throughout the exam sessions.

Implementation of the rating system of evaluation within the educational process eliminates the biased way of the assessment of pupils’ knowledge; will act as a highly effective way of encouraging educational and cognitive activity; raises the student’s duty for learning outcomes; encourages the utilization of the principle of individualization of education; removes the difficulty of attending classes; frees the student time for classes by passions; the nature of cooperation prevails when you look at the audience, the instructor ceases to be always a manager, an such like.

Consequently, the teacher must be cautious and creatively to put on the criteria and norms for evaluating the knowledge, abilities and abilities of students. It ought to be guided because of the scientific principles regarding the methodology of educational work, attentively apply to each pupil, taking into consideration his inclinations, interests and aspirations, to exhibit high axioms and tact.

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